In Pennsylvania's

Thursday, September 30, 2010

"This particular race is a good indication of where our country and our Church are at the moment."

We are being watched! As per a letter to Catholic columnist Matt Abbott,

  • "My wife and I are supporting a wonderful pro-life GOP congressional candidate, Mike Fitzpatrick, in the race for Pennsylvania's 8th district....
  • "It might be interesting to contrast a candidate like this with his opponent.... Congressman Murphy...has a 100 percent rating from the National Abortion Rights Action League, which gave him its endorsement here.
  • "Mike Fitzpatrick, on the other hand, has a 100 percent approval rating from the National Right to Life Committee. He is the only pro-life U.S. congressman to have served Pennsylvania's 8th district since before Roe v. Wade....
  • "This particular race is a good indication of where our country and our Church are at the moment. On one hand we have faithful, orthodox and loyal Christians living our their faith in the public square; on the other we have nominally Christian politicians claiming to be faithful while contradicting Church teaching on many issues. It's important to raise awareness among the pro-life community about what is at stake in November, and I think this race is a great example of that. "

Tuesday, September 28, 2010

"This particular race is a good indication of where our country and our Church are at the moment."

As per a letter to Catholic columnist Matt Abbott,

  • "....My wife and I are supporting a wonderful pro-life GOP congressional candidate, Mike Fitzpatrick, in the race for Pennsylvania's 8th district....
  • "We're supporting Mike because he's a great Catholic candidate: committed in his pro-life and pro-family positions, the father of 6 kids, a respected lawyer and former U.S. congressman who held the seat for one term, from 2004-2006. He is exactly the type of man we need representing us in government.
  • "It might be interesting to contrast a candidate like this with his opponent, the current incumbent, Patrick Murphy, a 100 percent pro-choice 'Catholic' Democrat whose most notable legislative action has been as sponsor of the amendment to repeal the military's 'don't ask, don't tell' policy. Congressman Murphy also has a 100 percent rating from the National Abortion Rights Action League, which gave him its endorsement here.
  • "Mike Fitzpatrick, on the other hand, has a 100 percent approval rating from the National Right to Life Committee. He is the only pro-life U.S. congressman to have served Pennsylvania's 8th district since before Roe v. Wade....
  • "This particular race is a good indication of where our country and our Church are at the moment. On one hand we have faithful, orthodox and loyal Christians living our their faith in the public square; on the other we have nominally Christian politicians claiming to be faithful while contradicting Church teaching on many issues. It's important to raise awareness among the pro-life community about what is at stake in November, and I think this race is a great example of that. "

Monday, September 27, 2010

Robert Casey, Jr.

[sent by email on 9/26/10]

The Most Rev. Joseph C. Bambera
Bishop of Scranton
300 Wyoming Ave
Scranton, Pennsylvania 18503

Your Excellency:

As you are certainly aware, the Defense Authorization bill did not make it out of the U.S. Senate, this past Tuesday. A vote in favor of that bill was tantamount to a vote for abortions in military hospitals. The pro life community of Catholics and other people of good will was firmly opposed to that bill as written. Thanks be to God, it did not makee it out of the Senate - despite the votes of our two U.S. Senators! (cf., ).

While material on his web site indicates that Senator Casey considers himself "pro life"(cf., http://casey.senate.gov/newsroom/press/release/?id=f4577a46-d28f-42ca-a356-e9dde9d5d5db ), his voting record says something else; he appears to lack a mature undertsanding of the pro life teaching of the Church. Senator Casey's voting patterns continues to be an occassion of scandal for Catholic Pennsylvanians. It was well known that this was an issue being addressed by your predecessor. Yet, the scandal continues.

This is a request for a public statement about Senator Robert Casey's most recent betrayal of the most vulnerable Pennsylvanians

Sunday, September 26, 2010

"The family is the basic unit of society. And so we need to adopt polices - tax policies, educational policies and the like that support the family"

At 7:35 of this YouTube clip of his debate with Patrick Murphy, Mike Fitzpatrick stated "I'm pro life Larry. That's my position. Everybody knows it....[Mike Fitzpatrick went on to say that] The family is the basic unit of society. And so we need to adopt polices - tax policies, educational policies and the like that support the family."

Three days after the airing of that debate, the Heritage Foundation released "Marriage: America’s Greatest Weapon Against Child Poverty," which - in many ways - echoed Mr. Fitzpatrick: "Marriage remains America’s strongest anti-poverty weapon, yet it continues to decline. As husbands disappear from the home, poverty and welfare dependence will increase, and children and parents will suffer as a result....Just as government discourages youth from dropping out of school, it should clearly and forcefully articulate the value of marriage....Marriage is highly beneficial to children, adults, and society; it needs to be encouraged and strengthened. Under current government policies, however, marriage is either ignored or undermined. This needs to change."

While her character was fictional, "Aunt Mae" from Spiderman II spoke absolutely true words: “Lord knows, kids...need a hero — courageous, self-sacrificing people....I believe there’s a hero in all of us…that keeps us honest…gives us strength…makes us noble

We need you back in Congress, Mr. Fitzpatrick!

Local Catholic Author Witnessing to the Culture of Life in Britain

Please, please watch the incredible video of local author Brian Gail, speaking from "across the pond" on the need for "a bold proclamation of the truths about the sacred transmission of human life."

Voter Guide Bulletin Inserts

As per the Pennsylvania Catholic Conference, "As part of an effort to educate citizens about candidates and their positions on issues important to Catholic voters, the Pennsylvania Catholic Conference (PCC) sent a questionnaire to candidates for statewide office to give them the opportunity to make their positions known on key issues. All four statewide candidates (U.S. Senator and PA Governor) also participated in interviews about their views with PCC staff. The election resources posted here are for information purposes only; the PCC does not endorse candidates for political office." You are certainly familiar with the Pennsylvania Catholic Conference's resultant Voter Guide Bulletin Insert, which looks at candidates for governor and the U.S. senate.



For Catholics striving to be Faithful Citizens (& all people of good will) in the 8th Congressional District, this is also a critical election year with regard to other offices. With regard to candidates for those other offices (as well as candidates for governor and the U.S. senate), information is available from the Pro Life Union of Southeast Pennsylvania.



Pro Life Voter's Guide November 2_ 2010 Election _annotated_ -

Monday, September 20, 2010

Manhattan Declaration update

As per today's update from the Manhattan Declaration, "So many of you emailed the Republican House leader's office last week urging the party not to backtrack on its commitment to life, liberty and marriage that you brought the email servers down. We have just been informed that the Republican leadership WILL now include references to marriage and federal funding of abortion in their election agenda."



Saturday, September 18, 2010

Pennsylvania Pro-Life Online News

As per this past Wednesday's edition of the Pennsylvania Pro-Life Online News, the "2010 Celebrate Life Banquet, which takes place October 19th in Harrisburg....[will include] former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum and the new Catholic Bishop of Harrisburg, Bishop Joseph McFadden."

The Holy Father, St. Thomas More, & Patrick Murphy

Dear Congressman Murphy,

Yesterday at Westminster Hall, the Holy Father said the following:
  • "As I speak to you in this historic setting, I think of the countless men and women down the centuries who have played their part in the momentous events that have taken place within these walls and have shaped the lives of many generations of Britons, and others besides. In particular, I recall the figure of Saint Thomas More, the great English scholar and statesman, who is admired by believers and non-believers alike for the integrity with which he followed his conscience, even at the cost of displeasing the sovereign whose 'good servant' he was, because he chose to serve God first" (http://www.zenit.org/article-30387?l=english).

Since you were the president of your alma mater's Thomas More Society, you are undoubtedly familiar with that great 16th Century martyr, who was chancellor of England. In addition to now being recognized as the Patron Saint of Statesmen, Politicians, Lawyers, Justices, Judges & Magistrates, Saint Thomas More is also recognized as "Defender of the Weak and the Poor" and "Promoter of Human Life and Dignity" (cf., http://www.wf-f.org/Litany-ThosMore.html). In his lifetime, Thomas More knew that putting service to God first was the best guarantee of being a true public servant. Who can help but get shivers at the words he spoke before his execution, as remembered in A Man for All Seasons?


"I die his majesty's good servant, but God's first."

Last Sunday's debate between you and your challenger is available on
YouTube. Knowing that it would be aired to a general audience, you never pretended to be pro-life. In fact, you mocked the pro life position of Mike Fitzpatrick! At around 8:05 of this YouTube clip, you derisively note that Mike Fitzpatrick's "also against stem cell research - embryonic stem cell research. Here's this stem cells that they're gonna throw out in the garbage anyway" You must certainly realize that you should be taking that position yourself!

Congressman Murphy, it was absolutely cowardly of you to attack a fellow Catholic for doing the right thing.

In Solidarity with Our Neighbors in the Garden State....

Many in our 8th Congressional District are unaware that the nation's leading abortion provider goes by the name, "Planned Parenthood." One of Planned Parenthood's New Jersey abortuaries is even within walking distance of the 8th Congressional District. In neighboring Trenton, Planned Parenthood is even aggressively marketing an expansion of its "traditional" menu of abortion & contraception services. And what they call "contraception" is many times actually abortifacient.
As New Jersey Right to Life explained on July 23rd of this year:
  • "For far too long and without voter approval, NJ taxpayers were forced to fund Planned Parenthood in the state budget under family planning services. In Governor Christie's FY 11 budget, he proposed completely eliminating $7.5M in funding to Planned Parenthood/family planning clinics. A group of pro-abortion lawmakers endorsed by Planned Parenthood's Political Action Committee, pushed a supplemental bill through the legislature in June which would have restored $7.5M to these centers. By vetoing the bill, Governor Christie freed NJ taxpayers from complicity with the nation's largest abortion provider."

At this time, New Jersey Right to Life is asking for immediate contacts to senators and assembly members, urging them to NOT override Governor Christie's veto of S2139.

As many Pennsylvanians go to Mass in Jersey and vice versa, please share this urgent message from your pulpits.

Thursday, September 16, 2010

The 9/12/10 Fitzpatrick/Murphy Debate

In case you did not see it, Sunday's Fitzpatrick/Murphy debate has been posted (in two parts) on YouTube:



  • At 7:35 of this YouTube clip, Mike Fitzpatrick states: "I'm pro life Larry. That's my position. Everybody knows it....The family is the basic unit of society. And so we need to adopt polices - tax policies, educational policies and the like that support the family."

  • At 8:05 of this YouTube clip, Patrick Murphy states: "I'm pro choice. But my opponent, unfortunately is - is extreme on this issue in that he's even against a woman's right to choose even in cases of rape and incest. That's not like a moderate Republican from Bucks County. That's like an Alabama Republican....He's also against stem cell research - embryonic stem cell research. Here's this stem cells that they're gonna throw out in the garbage anyway...."

Sunday, September 12, 2010

"How do Catholic Members of Congress Vote?"

On an end of summer trip to the Jersey Shore yesterday, we stopped by a beautiful Catholic parish. Posted in the vestibule was a state-by-state listing listing of Catholic members of Congressional delegations - both the U.S. House & the U.S. Senate. The guide had been prepared by the Morley Institute (aka, Catholic Advocate).

It is a moral obligation for Catholic to ask "How do Catholic [& non-Catholic as well] Members of Congress Vote?" It is perfectly legitimate for parishes to post information on candidate positions & voting records. Please consider doing so....

Saturday, September 11, 2010

Fw: WEEKLY RESPECT LIFE UPDATE

A forwarded update from one parish in neighboring Mercer County, New Jersey....


40 DAYS FOR LIFE
In less than two weeks respect life people in the Trenton area will be participating in the 40 Days for Life program from September 22nd through October 31st.

Among the many activities planned are a daily prayer witness at Planned Parenthood in Trenton, where we now have two regularly scheduled witnesses each week. Please go to this website for further information: http://www.40daysforlife.com/trenton/index.cfm?load=page&page=151 . You may also call Monica Quaste at 609-273-7248 or send an e-mail to 40daystrenton@optonline.net .

It is hoped that all who have a concern for greater respect for life will participate in this witness or other activities.

The regular witness at Princeton Women's Center will be expanded to include Wednesday mornings from 8:00 to 10:00, in addition to the usual Saturday morning hours which are now 7:30 to 11:30. See the end of this update for information on all prayer witnesses this coming week.

Also, on Sunday afternoon, October 3rd, there will be a Mercer County Life Chain formed at Route 33 and Nottingham Way between 1:00 and 2:30. This will be part of a national life chain on that day across America. If you can participate, or need further information, please e-mail MercerLifeChain@gmail.com or call (609) 610-3522.

LOVING LIFE, DIOCESAN RESPECT LIFE NEWSLETTER
The Diocese is preparing its next issue of Loving Life and would like your input.
Please advise of any pro-life activities or events planned this fall or winter, and also
think about an essay or opinion piece of about 200 words you'd like to share. Submissions or requests for more information may be directed to: DGoodw@DioceseofTrenton.org .

DR. STEVEN BRIGHAM
Those who had received requests from NJ Right to Life to contact authorities in New Jersey regarding abortionist Dr. Steven C. Brigham will be glad to know that New Jersey officials filed legal documents this past Wednesday seeking to suspend his medical license. The complaint alleges that Brigham, whose main regional clinic, American Women's Services, is in Voorhees, "has committed serious violations" of the rules of medical practice and "would represent a clear and imminent danger to the public health, safety and welfare,"

NOTRE DAME DOES IT AGAIN
LifeNews.com tells us that because he participated in the protest that students, staff and pro-life supporters held when Notre Dame University decided to allow pro-abortion President Barack Obama to give its commencement speech, Associate Vice-President for Residence Life Bill Kirk apparently lost his job. Sad when Catholic institutions penalize employees for defending their Catholic faith. Full story at LifeNews.com .

TELEVISION SHOWS CONTINUE TO MOCK OUR VALUES
Please support "One Million Moms" in their protest of horrendous television programming. All it takes is a simple click on, or copy/paste, this link: http://www.onemillionmoms.com/TakeAction.asp?id=375 to lodge your protest to the sponsors of "Family Guy's" latest aberration.

Incidentally, we really like what the Parents Television Council recently said about folks like us: "Those who produce TV programming often claim that the membership of groups like the PTC make up only a small number of the total viewing audience – apparently overlooking the fact that the tiny clique of Hollywood insiders who write the shows are an infinitesimally smaller number. The PTC is delighted that its members and other viewers are holding Hollywood accountable for the shows they produce – even if the FCC isn't."

PLEASE SAVE THE DATE
Life Choices is holding its annual fund raising banquet on Thursday, October 21st, at 6:30 pm in the Hunterdon Hills Playhouse. This is a most important event to help fund the wonderful work being done by these fine people. More details will follow on ticket ordering.

DOES OUR GOVERNMENT PROMOTE MANAGED NEWS?
Concerned Women for America reports that the US Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS) initially refused to release a study that clearly shows the vast majority of parents and teens believe that sex should be saved for marriage. However, in response to Freedom of Information Act requests, the HHS has released the full study which is available here: http://thenaea.us1.list-manage.com/track/click?u=e71e76ba0a0760415775e4352&id=e5e0172e1d&e=e2f6ad73c8 . Another example that our Church's teachings and common sense are not being ignored quite as much as the media and entertainment industries would have you believe.


PRAYER WITNESSES THIS COMING WEEK
Princeton Women's Center, Emmons Drive, West Windsor, has recently expanded the hours for the witness from 7:30 to 11:30, every Saturday morning. Park in back of the Palmer Inn on Route 1 South just past the Market Fair mall and we're right across the street. Come for as long or as little as you can. It is hoped the later hours will provide an opportunity for more people to participate.

Planned Parenthood facility at Clinton and State in Trenton at 9:45 this Saturday morning and every Saturday morning for the Rosary. That's all - one Rosary and we leave. You can park right across the street or in a state parking lot next door that is not used on weekends. On every Thursday morning from 8:30 to 9:30 the Rosary is recited at the rear of the facility.

RESPECT LIFE MINISTRY, THE CHURCH OF ST. ANN

Kennedys & friends

Tomorrow will also be an anniversary, which should not be forgotten....


On September 12, 1960, presidential candidate John Kennedy delivered an "Address to the Greater Houston Ministerial Association." History seems to have overlooked some of his comments that evening:


  • "I believe in a President whose views on religion are his own private affair....
  • "I want a Chief Executive...whose fulfillment of his Presidential office is not limited or conditioned by any religious oath, ritual, or obligation....
  • "I ask you...to judge me on the basis of 14 years in the Congress, on my declared stands against an Ambassador to the Vatican, against unconstitutional aid to parochial schools....
  • "I hope that you and I condemn with equal fervor those nations which deny their Presidency to Protestants, and those which deny it to Catholics [Note: Even to this day, "a Catholic (or even the spouse of a Catholic) cannot be, by British law,...king or queen."]....
  • "I do not speak for my church on public matters; and the church does not speak for me. Whatever issue may come before me as President, if I should be elected, on birth control, divorce, censorship, gambling or any other subject, I will make my decision in accordance with these views -- in accordance with what my conscience tells me to be in the national interest, and without regard to outside religious pressure or dictates. And no power or threat of punishment could cause me to decide otherwise.
  • "But if the time should ever come -- and I do not concede any conflict to be remotely possible -- when my office would require me to either violate my conscience or violate the national interest, then I would resign the office; and I hope any conscientious public servant would do likewise."

Hyannnisport, 1964

  • "At a meeting at the Kennedy compound in Hyannisport, Mass., on a hot summer day in 1964, the Kennedy family and its advisers and allies were coached by leading theologians and Catholic college professors on how to accept and promote abortion with a 'clear conscience.'
  • "The former Jesuit priest Albert Jonsen, emeritus professor of ethics at the University of Washington, recalls the meeting in his book 'The Birth of Bioethics' (Oxford, 2003). He writes about how he joined with the Rev. Joseph Fuchs, a Catholic moral theologian; the Rev. Robert Drinan, then dean of Boston College Law School; and three academic theologians, the Revs. Giles Milhaven, Richard McCormick and Charles Curran, to enable the Kennedy family to redefine support for abortion" http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123086375678148323.html>

"The Strange Political Career of Father Drinan"

Many modern Catholics may be unaware that - from 1971 till 1981 - Father Robert Drinan, S.J. served in the United States House of Representatives. They may be absolutely shocked and scanalized to learn that this Jesuit priest / congressman was a zealous advocate for abortion & advocated for partial birth abortion after leaving congress!

  • "Drinan's position has always been that he fully accepted Catholic teaching on the subject [of abortion.]. However, even before the [1973 Roe v. Wade] Supreme Court decision he had supported, with increasing passionate intensity, every proposal to make the procedure legal and to fund it with tax money....Shortly after Roe v Wade, Drinan wrote a public defense of the decision, recognizing that it had flaws but finding it on the whole a beneficial judgment. He then proceeded, over the next several years, to compile an almost perfect pro-abortion voting record in Congress, often speaking passionately about a woman's 'constitutional right' to abort, even while stating that this right went completely contrary to his own conscience. If Drinan’s superiors, prior to l973, had found practically no one who criticized the priest’s presence in Congress, they now found themselves barraged with statements of outrage from all kinds of people, including other Catholic members of Congress" www.cwnews.com/news/viewstory.cfm?recnum=21136>.



In 1984, Mario Cuomo delivered "Religious Belief and Publlic Morality: A Catholic Governor's Perspective" at Notre Dame. Many seem to see this speech as a scholarly heir to JFK's speech in Houston:

  • "Catholic public officials take an oath to preserve the Constitution....And they do so gladly, not because they love what others do with their freedom, but because they realize that in guaranteeing freedom for all, they guarantee our right to be Catholics: our right to pray, our right to use the sacraments, to refuse birth control devices, to reject abortion, not to divorce and remarry if we believe it to be wrong....We know that the price of seeking to force our belief on others is that they might someday force their belief on us [This argument ignored the Natural Law & seemed to intimate that issues of human life & marriage/family were just peculiar Catholic peccadillos.]....
  • "I can, if I am so inclined, demand some kind of law against abortion, not because my bishops say it is wrong, but because I think that the whole community, regardless of its religious beliefs, should agree on the importance of protecting life -- including life in the womb, which is at the very least potentially human & should not be extinguished casually [Take note of this "potentially human" heresy against science.]....
  • "The values derived from religious belief will not -- and should not -- be accepted as part of the public morality unless they are shared by the pluralistic community at large, by consensus. So that the fact that values happen to be religious values does not deny them acceptability as part of this consensus. But it does not require their acceptability, either [This seems to have become the game plan for so-called "pro-choice" Catholic politicians. Act as though questions about human life & marriage/family are just peculiar Catholic peccadillos. Ignore the existence of the Natural Law.]....
  • "On divorce and birth control, without changing its moral teaching, the Church abides the civil law as it now stands, thereby accepting -- without making much of a point of it -- that in our pluralistic society we are not required to insist that all our religious values be the law of the land. The bishops are not demanding a constitutional amendment for birth control or on adultery" [Might Cuomo have been misled by errors of prudential judgment by some of the hierarchy? We have certainly come to learn that some of what was - & is still - passed off as "contraceptive" is actually abortifacient:











].

(In 1990, Cuomo's son married the daughter of the late Robert Kennedy.)



Continuing this Legacy of Nonsense: “We don't legislate at the orders of the Vatican....I'm reaching out to Patrick Kennedy”


The Absolute Obligation to the Truth: "I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingly power: proclaim the word; be persistent whether it is convenient or inconvenient; convince, reprimand, encourage through all patience and teaching." (2 Timoty 4: 1, 2)

Tuesday, September 7, 2010

ProLifeUnion September Update

Some Catholic politicians apparently believe that they can openly defy the teaching of God & His ChurchYet, it is not just Patrick Murphy & Patrick Kennedy (as well as Joe Sestak) who fall into this category.

Our state races may be getting obscured by the fact that seats for a governor, U.S. senator, & congressional representative are in play. As per the wonderful September issue of the ProLifeUnion Update (attached), the struggle for the sanctity of human life & marriage/family needs to be carried out in Harrisburg, as well as in Washington.

Pro Life Union Sept 2010 newsletter

Sunday, September 5, 2010

re: "A New 'Social Contract' for Today's 'New Things'"

In the USCCB's 2010 Labor Day Statement, "A New 'Social Contract' for Today's 'New Things'", Bishop William F. Murphy reminds us that the dignity of the human being and the primacy of marriage/family are at the very core of Catholic Social Teaching:

  • "This year has [indeed] been difficult for many workers....
  • "In 1891, Pope Leo XIII issued what has become the Magna Carta of Catholic social teaching, Rerum Novarum....The Holy Father insisted on the value and dignity of the worker as a human being endowed with rights and responsibilities. He commended free association or unions as legitimate and he insisted on a family wage that corresponded to the needs of the worker and family. He opened the way to humanize the industrial revolution and to bring Catholic principles about the person in society to factories and farms, markets and economies of a changing world....
  • "Pope Benedict XVI confronts this same challenge direcly and clearly in his most recent encyclical, Caritas in Veritate. More than 100 years of papal 'social encyclicals' have given the Church a number of principles based on the Gospels and the lived experience of the Church....More than ever, the dignity of the worker is a foundation upon which we should measure much of what is good, and not so good....People, not things, must be the center—and the ultimate measure....Catholic social teaching on the economy, the political community, and society is spelled out in The Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church"[Hey, that's the point that Faithful Citizenship in Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District has been trying to make!!!].
Pope Benedict XVI's Caritas in Veritate is certainly a magnificent challenge to humanity
  1. "Charity in truth, to which Jesus Christ bore witness by his earthly life and especially by his death and resurrection, is the principal driving force behind the authentic development of every person and of all humanity....Each person finds his good by adherence to God's plan for him, in order to realize it fully....To defend the truth, to articulate it with humility and conviction, and to bear witness to it in life are therefore exacting and indispensable forms of charity....
  2. "Charity is at the heart of the Church's social doctrine....I am aware of the ways in which charity has been and continues to be misconstrued and emptied of meaning, with the consequent risk of being misinterpreted, detached from ethical living and, in any event, undervalued....
  3. "Without truth, charity degenerates into sentimentality....
  4. "A Christianity of charity without truth would be more or less interchangeable with a pool of good sentiments, helpful for social cohesion, but of little relevance. In other words, there would no longer be any real place for God in the world....
  5. "Charity is love received and given. It is 'grace' (cháris). Its source is the wellspring of the Father's love for the Son, in the Holy Spirit. Love comes down to us from the Son....This dynamic of charity received and given is what gives rise to the Church's social teaching, which is caritas in veritate in re sociali: the proclamation of the truth of Christ's love in society....Without truth, without trust and love for what is true, there is no social conscience and responsibility, and social action ends up serving private interests and the logic of power, resulting in social fragmentation, especially in a globalized society at difficult times like the present.
  6. "'Caritas in veritate' is the principle around which the Church's social doctrine turns, a principle that takes on practical form in the criteria that govern moral action. I would like to consider two of these in particular....First of all, justice....justice is inseparable from charity[1], and intrinsic to it....On the one hand, charity demands justice: recognition and respect for the legitimate rights of individuals and peoples....On the other hand, charity transcends justice and completes it in the logic of giving and forgiving[3]....Charity always manifests God's love in human relationships as well, it gives theological and salvific value to all commitment for justice in the world.
  7. "To desire the common good and strive towards it is a requirement of justice and charity....Every Christian is called to practise this charity, in a manner corresponding to his vocation and according to the degree of influence he wields in the pólis. This is the institutional path — we might also call it the political path — of charity, no less excellent and effective than the kind of charity which encounters the neighbour directly, outside the institutional mediation of the pólis. When animated by charity, commitment to the common good has greater worth than a merely secular and political stand would have....Man's earthly activity, when inspired and sustained by charity, contributes to the building of the universal city of God, which is the goal of the history of the human family....
  8. "Populorum Progressio deserves to be considered 'the Rerum Novarum of the present age', shedding light upon humanity's journey towards unity....
  9. "The risk for our time is that the de facto interdependence of people and nations is not matched by ethical interaction of consciences and minds that would give rise to truly human development....Fidelity to man requires fidelity to the truth, which alone is the guarantee of freedom (cf. Jn 8:32) and of the possibility of integral human development. For this reason the Church searches for truth, proclaims it tirelessly and recognizes it wherever it is manifested....
  10. "an evaluation is needed of the different terms in which the problem of development is presented today....
  11. "Paul VI set out...to convey two important truths. The first is that the whole Church, in all her being and acting — when she proclaims, when she celebrates, when she performs works of charity — is engaged in promoting integral human development....The second truth is that authentic human development concerns the whole of the person in every single dimension[16]....institutions by themselves are not enough, because integral human development is primarily a vocation, and therefore it involves a free assumption of responsibility in solidarity on the part of everyone. Moreover, such development requires a transcendent vision of the person, it needs God....
  12. "It is one thing to draw attention to the particular characteristics of one Encyclical or another, of the teaching of one Pope or another, but quite another to lose sight of the coherence of the overall doctrinal corpus[21]....
  13. "Paul VI....proposed Christian charity as the principal force at the service of development....
  14. "Paul VI reflected on the meaning of politics, and the danger constituted by utopian and ideological visions that place its ethical and human dimensions in jeopardy....Idealizing technical progress, or contemplating the utopia of a return to humanity's original natural state, are two contrasting ways of detaching progress from its moral evaluation and hence from our responsibility....
  15. "The Encyclical Humanae Vitae emphasizes both the unitive and the procreative meaning of sexuality, thereby locating at the foundation of society the married couple, man and woman, who accept one another mutually, in distinction and in complementarity: a couple, therefore, that is open to life[27]. This is not a question of purely individual morality: Humanae Vitae indicates the strong links between life ethics and social ethics, ushering in a new area of magisterial teaching that has gradually been articulated in a series of documents, most recently John Paul II's Encyclical Evangelium Vitae[28]. The Church forcefully maintains this link between life ethics and social ethics, fully aware that 'a society lacks solid foundations when, on the one hand, it asserts values such as the dignity of the person, justice and peace, but then, on the other hand, radically acts to the contrary by allowing or tolerating a variety of ways in which human life is devalued and violated, especially where it is weak or marginalized.'[29] [emphasis added]....
  16. "If development were concerned with merely technical aspects of human life, and not with the meaning of man's pilgrimage through history in company with his fellow human beings, nor with identifying the goal of that journey, then the Church would not be entitled to speak on it....
  17. "A vocation is a call that requires a free and responsible answer. Integral human development presupposes the responsible freedom of the individual and of peoples: no structure can guarantee this development over and above human responsibility. The 'types of messianism which give promises but create illusions'[38] always build their case on a denial of the transcendent dimension of development, in the conviction that it lies entirely at their disposal. This false security becomes a weakness, because it involves reducing man to subservience, to a mere means for development, while the humility of those who accept a vocation is transformed into true autonomy, because it sets them free....
  18. "Besides requiring freedom, integral human development as a vocation also demands respect for its truth....[As per] Paul VI...'authentic' development...must be 'integral, that is, it has to promote the good of every man and of the whole man'[42]....the Christian vision has the particular characteristic of asserting and justifying the unconditional value of the human person and the meaning of his growth....
  19. "Underdevelopment has an even more important cause than lack of deep thought: it is 'the lack of brotherhood among individuals and peoples'[52]. Will it ever be possible to obtain this brotherhood by human effort alone? As society becomes ever more globalized, it makes us neighbours but does not make us brothers. Reason, by itself, is capable of grasping the equality between men and of giving stability to their civic coexistence, but it cannot establish fraternity. This originates in a transcendent vocation from God the Father, who loved us first, teaching us through the Son what fraternal charity is....
  20. "It is Christ's charity that drives us on....
  21. "Paul VI had an articulated vision of development. He understood the term to indicate the goal of rescuing peoples, first and foremost, from hunger, deprivation, endemic diseases and illiteracy....The complexity and gravity of the present economic situation rightly cause us concern, but we must adopt a realistic attitude as we take up with confidence and hope the new responsibilities to which we are called by the prospect of a world in need of profound cultural renewal, a world that needs to rediscover fundamental values on which to build a better future [emphasis added]....
  22. "In rich countries, new sectors of society are succumbing to poverty and new forms of poverty are emerging. In poorer areas some groups enjoy a sort of 'superdevelopment' of a wasteful and consumerist kind which forms an unacceptable contrast with the ongoing situations of dehumanizing deprivation....International aid has often been diverted from its proper ends.... [Image added] On the part of rich countries there is excessive zeal for protecting knowledge through an unduly rigid assertion of the right to intellectual property, especially in the field of health care. At the same time, in some poor countries, cultural models and social norms of behaviour persist which hinder the process of development....
  23. "progress of a merely economic and technological kind is insufficient....
  24. "Today, as we take to heart the lessons of the current economic crisis, which sees the State's public authorities directly involved in correcting errors and malfunctions, it seems more realistic to re-evaluate their role and their powers, which need to be prudently reviewed and remodelled so as to enable them, perhaps through new forms of engagement, to address the challenges of today's world....
  25. "uncertainty over working conditions caused by mobility and deregulation, when it becomes endemic, tends to create new forms of psychological instability, giving rise to difficulty in forging coherent life-plans, including that of marriage....Being out of work or dependent on public or private assistance for a prolonged period undermines the freedom and creativity of the person and his family and social relationships, causing great psychological and spiritual suffering. I would like to remind everyone, especially governments engaged in boosting the world's economic and social assets, that the primary capital to be safeguarded and valued is man, the human person in his or her integrity....
  26. "the increased commercialization of cultural exchange today leads to a twofold danger. First, one may observe a cultural eclecticism that is often assumed uncritically: cultures are simply placed alongside one another and viewed as substantially equivalent and interchangeable. This easily yields to a relativism that does not serve true intercultural dialogue; on the social plane, cultural relativism has the effect that cultural groups coexist side by side, but remain separate, with no authentic dialogue and therefore with no true integration. Secondly, the opposite danger exists, that of cultural levelling and indiscriminate acceptance of types of conduct and life-styles....What eclecticism and cultural levelling have in common is the separation of culture from human nature. Thus, cultures can no longer define themselves within a nature that transcends them[63], and man ends up being reduced to a mere cultural statistic. When this happens, humanity runs new risks of enslavement and manipulation....
  27. "The right to food, like the right to water, has an important place within the pursuit of other rights, beginning with the fundamental right to life....
  28. "One of the most striking aspects of development in the present day is the important question of respect for life, which cannot in any way be detached from questions concerning the development of peoples....Not only does the situation of poverty still provoke high rates of infant mortality in many regions, but some parts of the world still experience practices of demographic control, on the part of governments that often promote contraception and even go so far as to impose abortion. In economically developed countries, legislation contrary to life is very widespread, and it has already shaped moral attitudes and praxis, contributing to the spread of an anti-birth mentality; frequent attempts are made to export this mentality to other States as if it were a form of cultural progress. Some non-governmental Organizations work actively to spread abortion, at times promoting the practice of sterilization in poor countries, in some cases not even informing the women concerned. Moreover, there is reason to suspect that development aid is sometimes linked to specific health-care policies which de facto involve the imposition of strong birth control measures. Further grounds for concern are laws permitting euthanasia as well as pressure from lobby groups, nationally and internationally, in favour of its juridical recognition. Openness to life is at the centre of true development. When a society moves towards the denial or suppression of life, it ends up no longer finding the necessary motivation and energy to strive for man's true good. If personal and social sensitivity towards the acceptance of a new life is lost, then other forms of acceptance that are valuable for society also wither away[67]. The acceptance of life strengthens moral fibre and makes people capable of mutual help. By cultivating openness to life, wealthy peoples can better understand the needs of poor ones, they can avoid employing huge economic and intellectual resources to satisfy the selfish desires of their own citizens, and instead, they can promote virtuous action within the perspective of production that is morally sound and marked by solidarity, respecting the fundamental right to life of every people and every individual [Emphases & reminder image added].
  29. "There is another aspect of modern life that is very closely connected to development: the denial of the right to religious freedom. I am not referring simply to the struggles and conflicts that continue to be fought in the world for religious motives, even if at times the religious motive is merely a cover for other reasons....Today, in fact, people frequently kill in the holy name of God....as well as religious fanaticism that in some contexts impedes the exercise of the right to religious freedom, so too the deliberate promotion of religious indifference or practical atheism on the part of many countries obstructs the requirements for the development of peoples, depriving them of spiritual and human resources....When the State promotes, teaches, or actually imposes forms of practical atheism, it deprives its citizens of the moral and spiritual strength that is indispensable for attaining integral human development and it impedes them from moving forward with renewed dynamism as they strive to offer a more generous human response to divine love[71]. [Emphasis added] In the context of cultural, commercial or political relations, it also sometimes happens that economically developed or emerging countries export this reductive vision of the person and his destiny to poor countries....
  30. "Charity does not exclude knowledge, but rather requires, promotes, and animates it from within. Knowledge is never purely the work of the intellect....if it aspires to be wisdom capable of directing man in the light of his first beginnings and his final ends, it must be 'seasoned' with the 'salt' of charity....'the individual who is animated by true charity labours skilfully to discover the causes of misery, to find the means to combat it, to overcome it resolutely'[75]....Charity is not an added extra, like an appendix to work already concluded in each of the various disciplines: it engages them in dialogue from the very beginning. The demands of love do not contradict those of reason.....Intelligence and love are not in separate compartments: love is rich in intelligence and intelligence is full of love.
  31. "This means that moral evaluation and scientific research must go hand in hand, and that charity must animate them in a harmonious interdisciplinary whole, marked by unity and distinction....
  32. "The significant new elements in the picture of the development of peoples today in many cases demand new solutions....The dignity of the individual and the demands of justice require, particularly today, that economic choices do not cause disparities in wealth to increase in an excessive and morally unacceptable manner[83], and that we continue to prioritize the goal of access to steady employment for everyone. All things considered, this is also required by 'economic logic'....
  33. "without the guidance of charity in truth, this global force [i.e., globalization] could cause unprecedented damage and create new divisions within the human family....
  34. "Sometimes modern man is wrongly convinced that he is the sole author of himself, his life and society. This is a presumption that follows from being selfishly closed in upon himself, and it is a consequence — to express it in faith terms — of original sin. The Church's wisdom has always pointed to the presence of original sin in social conditions and in the structure of society: 'Ignorance of the fact that man has a wounded nature inclined to evil gives rise to serious errors in the areas of education, politics, social action and morals'[Emphasis added][85].....
  35. "The market is subject to the principles of so-called commutative justice, which regulates the relations of giving and receiving between parties to a transaction. But the social doctrine of the Church has unceasingly highlighted the importance of distributive justice and social justice for the market economy, not only because it belongs within a broader social and political context, but also because of the wider network of relations within which it operates. In fact, if the market is governed solely by the principle of the equivalence in value of exchanged goods, it cannot produce the social cohesion that it requires in order to function well. Without internal forms of solidarity and mutual trust, the market cannot completely fulfil its proper economic function. And today it is this trust which has ceased to exist, and the loss of trust is a grave loss....It is...erroneous to hold that the market economy has an inbuilt need for a quota of poverty and underdevelopment in order to function at its best. It is in the interests of the market to promote emancipation, but in order to do so effectively, it cannot rely only on itself, because it is not able to produce by itself something that lies outside its competence. It must draw its moral energies from other subjects that are capable of generating them.
  36. "Economic activity cannot solve all social problems through the simple application of commercial logic. This needs to be directed towards the pursuit of the common good, for which the political community in particular must also take responsibility. Therefore, it must be borne in mind that grave imbalances are produced when economic action, conceived merely as an engine for wealth creation, is detached from political action, conceived as a means for pursuing justice through redistribution....it is not the instrument that must be called to account, but individuals, their moral conscience and their personal and social responsibility. The Church's social doctrine holds that authentically human social relationships of friendship, solidarity and reciprocity can also be conducted within economic activity, and not only outside it or 'after' it....The great challenge before us, accentuated by the problems of development in this global era and made even more urgent by the economic and financial crisis, is to demonstrate, in thinking and behaviour, not only that traditional principles of social ethics like transparency, honesty and responsibility cannot be ignored or attenuated, but also that in commercial relationships the principle of gratuitousness and the logic of gift as an expression of fraternity can and must find their place within normal economic activity [Emphasis added]....
  37. "Perhaps at one time it was conceivable that first the creation of wealth could be entrusted to the economy, and then the task of distributing it could be assigned to politics. Today that would be more difficult, given that economic activity is no longer circumscribed within territorial limits, while the authority of governments continues to be principally local. Hence the canons of justice must be respected from the outset, as the economic process unfolds, and not just afterwards or incidentally. Space also needs to be created within the market for economic activity carried out by subjects who freely choose to act according to principles other than those of pure profit, without sacrificing the production of economic value in the process....In the global era, the economy is influenced by competitive models tied to cultures that differ greatly among themselves. The different forms of economic enterprise to which they give rise find their main point of encounter in commutative justice. Economic life undoubtedly requires contracts, in order to regulate relations of exchange between goods of equivalent value. But it also needs just laws and forms of redistribution governed by politics, and what is more, it needs works redolent of the spirit of gift. The economy in the global era seems to privilege the former logic, that of contractual exchange, but directly or indirectly it also demonstrates its need for the other two: political logic, and the logic of the unconditional gift....
  38. "What is needed...is a market that permits the free operation, in conditions of equal opportunity, of enterprises in pursuit of different institutional ends. Alongside profit-oriented private enterprise and the various types of public enterprise, there must be room for commercial entities based on mutualist principles and pursuing social ends to take root and express themselves. It is from their reciprocal encounter in the marketplace that one may expect hybrid forms of commercial behaviour to emerge, and hence an attentiveness to ways of civilizing the economy [Emphasis added]....
  39. "in Rerum Novarum, ...the idea was first proposed...that the civil order, for its self-regulation, also needed intervention from the State for purposes of redistribution....In order to defeat underdevelopment, action is required not only on improving exchange-based transactions and implanting public welfare structures, but above all on gradually increasing openness, in a world context, to forms of economic activity marked by quotas of gratuitousness and communion. The exclusively binary model of market-plus-State is corrosive of society, while economic forms based on solidarity, which find their natural home in civil society without being restricted to it, build up society. The market of gratuitousness does not exist, and attitudes of gratuitousness cannot be established by law. Yet both the market and politics need individuals who are open to reciprocal gift.
  40. "Today's international economic scene, marked by grave deviations and failures, requires a profoundly new way of understanding business enterprise....Without doubt, one of the greatest risks for businesses is that they are almost exclusively answerable to their investors, thereby limiting their social value. Owing to their growth in scale and the need for more and more capital, it is becoming increasingly rare for business enterprises to be in the hands of a stable director who feels responsible in the long term, not just the short term, for the life and the results of his company, and it is becoming increasingly rare for businesses to depend on a single territory. Moreover, the so-called outsourcing of production can weaken the company's sense of responsibility towards the stakeholders — namely the workers, the suppliers, the consumers, the natural environment and broader society — in favour of the shareholders, who are not tied to a specific geographical area and who therefore enjoy extraordinary mobility....there is...a growing conviction that business management cannot concern itself only with the interests of the proprietors, but must also assume responsibility for all the other stakeholders who contribute to the life of the business....There is no reason to deny that a certain amount of capital can do good, if invested abroad rather than at home. Yet the requirements of justice must be safeguarded, with due consideration for the way in which the capital was generated and the harm to individuals that will result if it is not used where it was produced[97]. What should be avoided is a speculative use of financial resources that yields to the temptation of seeking only short-term profit, without regard for the long-term sustainability of the enterprise, its benefit to the real economy and attention to the advancement, in suitable and appropriate ways, of further economic initiatives in countries in need of development. It is true that the export of investments and skills can benefit the populations of the receiving country....Yet it is not right to export these things merely for the sake of obtaining advantageous conditions, or worse, for purposes of exploitation, without making a real contribution to local society by helping to bring about a robust productive and social system, an essential factor for stable development....
  41. "business enterprise involves a wide range of values, becoming wider all the time....It is in response to the needs and the dignity of the worker, as well as the needs of society, that there exist various types of business enterprise, over and above the simple distinction between 'private' and 'public'....'Political authority' also involves a wide range of values, which must not be overlooked in the process of constructing a new order of economic productivity, socially responsible and human in scale. As well as cultivating differentiated forms of business activity on the global plane, we must also promote a dispersed political authority, effective on different levels. The integrated economy of the present day does not make the role of States redundant, but rather it commits governments to greater collaboration with one another....Alongside economic aid, there needs to be aid directed towards reinforcing the guarantees proper to the State of law....
  42. "Sometimes globalization is viewed in fatalistic terms....Underneath the more visible process, humanity itself is becoming increasingly interconnected; it is made up of individuals and peoples to whom this process should offer benefits and development[103]....a sustained commitment is needed so as to promote a person-based and community-oriented cultural process of world-wide integration that is open to transcendence. Despite some of its structural elements, which should neither be denied nor exaggerated, “globalization, a priori, is neither good nor bad. It will be what people make of it”[104]....
  43. "Many people today would claim that they owe nothing to anyone, except to themselves....Hence it is important to call for a renewed reflection on how rights presuppose duties, if they are not to become mere licence[106]....we are witnessing a grave inconsistency. On the one hand, appeals are made to alleged rights, arbitrary and non-essential in nature, accompanied by the demand that they be recognized and promoted by public structures, while, on the other hand, elementary and basic rights remain unacknowledged and are violated in much of the world[107]. A link has often been noted between claims to a 'right to excess', and even to transgression and vice, within affluent societies, and the lack of food, drinkable water, basic instruction and elementary health care in areas of the underdeveloped world and on the outskirts of large metropolitan centres....
  44. "The notion of rights and duties in development must also take account of the problems associated with population growth....To consider population increase as the primary cause of underdevelopment is mistaken, even from an economic point of view. Suffice it to consider, on the one hand, the significant reduction in infant mortality and the rise in average life expectancy found in economically developed countries, and on the other hand, the signs of crisis observable in societies that are registering an alarming decline in their birth rate. Due attention must obviously be given to responsible procreation, which among other things has a positive contribution to make to integral human development. The Church, in her concern for man's authentic development, urges him to have full respect for human values in the exercise of his sexuality. It cannot be reduced merely to pleasure or entertainment, nor can sex education be reduced to technical instruction aimed solely at protecting the interested parties from possible disease or the 'risk' of procreation. This would be to impoverish and disregard the deeper meaning of sexuality, a meaning which needs to be acknowledged and responsibly appropriated not only by individuals but also by the community. It is irresponsible to view sexuality merely as a source of pleasure, and likewise to regulate it through strategies of mandatory birth control. In either case materialistic ideas and policies are at work, and individuals are ultimately subjected to various forms of violence. Against such policies, there is a need to defend the primary competence of the family in the area of sexuality[111], as opposed to the State and its restrictive policies, and to ensure that parents are suitably prepared to undertake their responsibilities. Morally responsible openness to life represents a rich social and economic resource. Populous nations have been able to emerge from poverty thanks not least to the size of their population and the talents of their people. On the other hand, formerly prosperous nations are presently passing through a phase of uncertainty and in some cases decline, precisely because of their falling birth rates; this has become a crucial problem for highly affluent societies. The decline in births, falling at times beneath the so-called 'replacement level', also puts a strain on social welfare systems, increases their cost, eats into savings and hence the financial resources needed for investment, reduces the availability of qualified labourers, and narrows the 'brain pool' upon which nations can draw for their needs. Furthermore, smaller and at times miniscule families run the risk of impoverishing social relations, and failing to ensure effective forms of solidarity. These situations are symptomatic of scant confidence in the future and moral weariness. It is thus becoming a social and even economic necessity once more to hold up to future generations the beauty of marriage and the family, and the fact that these institutions correspond to the deepest needs and dignity of the person. In view of this, States are called to enact policies promoting the centrality and the integrity of the family founded on marriage between a man and a woman, the primary vital cell of society[112], and to assume responsibility for its economic and fiscal needs, while respecting its essentially relational character.
  45. "Striving to meet the deepest moral needs of the person also has important and beneficial repercussions at the level of economics. The economy needs ethics in order to function correctly — not any ethics whatsoever, but an ethics which is people-centred. Today we hear much talk of ethics in the world of economy, finance and business....It would be advisable, however, to develop a sound criterion of discernment, since the adjective 'ethical' can be abused. When the word is used generically, it can lend itself to any number of interpretations, even to the point where it includes decisions and choices contrary to justice and authentic human welfare....the Church's social doctrine can make a specific contribution, since it is based on man's creation 'in the image of God' (Gen 1:27), a datum which gives rise to the inviolable dignity of the human person and the transcendent value of natural moral norms [Emphasis added]....
  46. "it would appear that the traditionally valid distinction between profit-based companies and non-profit organizations can no longer do full justice to reality, or offer practical direction for the future. In recent decades a broad intermediate area has emerged between the two types of enterprise. It is made up of traditional companies which nonetheless subscribe to social aid agreements in support of underdeveloped countries, charitable foundations associated with individual companies, groups of companies oriented towards social welfare, and the diversified world of the so-called 'civil economy' and the 'economy of communion'. This is not merely a matter of a 'third sector', but of a broad new composite reality embracing the private and public spheres, one which does not exclude profit, but instead considers it a means for achieving human and social ends. Whether such companies distribute dividends or not, whether their juridical structure corresponds to one or other of the established forms, becomes secondary in relation to their willingness to view profit as a means of achieving the goal of a more humane market and society....
  47. "The strengthening of different types of businesses, especially those capable of viewing profit as a means for achieving the goal of a more humane market and society, must also be pursued in those countries that are excluded or marginalized from the influential circles of the global economy....In development programmes, the principle of the centrality of the human person, as the subject primarily responsible for development, must be preserved. The principal concern must be to improve the actual living conditions of the people in a given region....international organizations might question the actual effectiveness of their bureaucratic and administrative machinery, which is often excessively costly. At times it happens that those who receive aid become subordinate to the aid-givers, and the poor serve to perpetuate expensive bureaucracies which consume an excessively high percentage of funds intended for development....
  48. "it is contrary to authentic development to view nature as something more important than the human person. This position leads to attitudes of neo-paganism or a new pantheism....it is also necessary to reject the opposite position, which aims at total technical dominion over nature, because the natural environment is more than raw material to be manipulated at our pleasure; it is a wondrous work of the Creator containing a 'grammar' which sets forth ends and criteria for its wise use, not its reckless exploitation....projects for integral human development cannot ignore coming generations [Emphasis added]....
  49. "The fact that some States, power groups and companies hoard non-renewable energy resources represents a grave obstacle to development in poor countries....The international community has an urgent duty to find institutional means of regulating the exploitation of non-renewable resources, involving poor countries in the process, in order to plan together for the future....The technologically advanced societies can and must lower their domestic energy consumption.... [Image added] It should be added that at present it is possible to achieve improved energy efficiency while at the same time encouraging research into alternative forms of energy. What is also needed, though, is a worldwide redistribution of energy resources, so that countries lacking those resources can have access to them....
  50. "On this earth there is room for everyone: here the entire human family must find the resources to live with dignity, through the help of nature itself — God's gift to his children — and through hard work and creativity. At the same time we must recognize our grave duty to hand the earth on to future generations in such a condition that they too can worthily inhabit it and continue to cultivate it [Emphasis added]....
  51. "The way humanity treats the environment influences the way it treats itself, and vice versa. This invites contemporary society to a serious review of its life-style, which, in many parts of the world, is prone to hedonism and consumerism, regardless of their harmful consequences[122]....If there is a lack of respect for the right to life and to a natural death, if human conception, gestation and birth are made artificial, if human embryos are sacrificed to research, the conscience of society ends up losing the concept of human ecology and, along with it, that of environmental ecology. It is contradictory to insist that future generations respect the natural environment when our educational systems and laws do not help them to respect themselves. The book of nature is one and indivisible: it takes in not only the environment but also life, sexuality, marriage, the family, social relations: in a word, integral human development. Our duties towards the environment are linked to our duties towards the human person, considered in himself and in relation to others. It would be wrong to uphold one set of duties while trampling on the other. Herein lies a grave contradiction in our mentality and practice today: one which demeans the person, disrupts the environment and damages society[Emphasis added].
  52. "Truth, and the love which it reveals, cannot be produced: they can only be received as a gift. Their ultimate source is not, and cannot be, mankind, but only God, who is himself Truth and Love....the vocation to development on the part of individuals and peoples is not based simply on human choice, but is an intrinsic part of a plan that is prior to us and constitutes for all of us a duty to be freely accepted. That which is prior to us and constitutes us — subsistent Love and Truth — shows us what goodness is, and in what our true happiness consists....
  53. "One of the deepest forms of poverty a person can experience is isolation....other kinds of poverty...are born from isolation, from not being loved or from difficulties in being able to love. Poverty is often produced by a rejection of God's love, by man's basic and tragic tendency to close in on himself, thinking himself to be self-sufficient or merely an insignificant and ephemeral fact, a 'stranger' in a random universe....The development of peoples depends, above all, on a recognition that the human race is a single family working together in true communion, not simply a group of subjects who happen to live side by side[127]....As a spiritual being, the human creature is defined through interpersonal relations. The more authentically he or she lives these relations, the more his or her own personal identity matures. It is not by isolation that man establishes his worth, but by placing himself in relation with others and with God. Hence these relations take on fundamental importance. The same holds true for peoples as well....reason finds inspiration and direction in Christian revelation, according to which the human community does not absorb the individual, annihilating his autonomy, as happens in the various forms of totalitarianism, but rather values him all the more because the relation between individual and community is a relation between one totality and another[130]....
  54. "The theme of development can be identified with the inclusion-in-relation of all individuals and peoples within the one community of the human family, built in solidarity on the basis of the fundamental values of justice and peace. This perspective is illuminated in a striking way by the relationship between the Persons of the Trinity within the one divine Substance. The Trinity is absolute unity insofar as the three divine Persons are pure relationality. The reciprocal transparency among the divine Persons is total and the bond between each of them complete, since they constitute a unique and absolute unity. God desires to incorporate us into this reality of communion as well....
  55. "Other cultures and religions teach brotherhood and peace and are therefore of enormous importance to integral human development. Some religious and cultural attitudes, however, do not fully embrace the principle of love and truth and therefore end up retarding or even obstructing authentic human development. There are certain religious cultures in the world today that do not oblige men and women to live in communion but rather cut them off from one other in a search for individual well-being, limited to the gratification of psychological desires. Furthermore, a certain proliferation of different religious 'paths', attracting small groups or even single individuals, together with religious syncretism, can give rise to separation and disengagement. One possible negative effect of the process of globalization is the tendency to favour this kind of syncretism[132] by encouraging forms of 'religion' that, instead of bringing people together, alienate them from one another and distance them from reality. At the same time, some religious and cultural traditions persist which ossify society in rigid social groupings, in magical beliefs that fail to respect the dignity of the person, and in attitudes of subjugation to occult powers. In these contexts, love and truth have difficulty asserting themselves, and authentic development is impeded....while it may be true that development needs the religions and cultures of different peoples, it is equally true that adequate discernment is needed. Religious freedom does not mean religious indifferentism, nor does it imply that all religions are equal[133]. Discernment is needed regarding the contribution of cultures and religions, especially on the part of those who wield political power, if the social community is to be built up in a spirit of respect for the common good [Emphasis added]....
  56. "The Christian religion and other religions can offer their contribution to development only if God has a place in the public realm....The exclusion of religion from the public square — and, at the other extreme, religious fundamentalism — hinders an encounter between persons and their collaboration for the progress of humanity....
  57. "Fruitful dialogue between faith and reason cannot but render the work of charity more effective within society, and it constitutes the most appropriate framework for promoting fraternal collaboration between believers and non-believers in their shared commitment to working for justice and the peace of the human family....subsidiarity is the most effective antidote against any form of all-encompassing welfare state....the principle of subsidiarity is particularly well-suited to managing globalization and directing it towards authentic human development. In order not to produce a dangerous universal power of a tyrannical nature, the governance of globalization must be marked by subsidiarity, articulated into several layers and involving different levels that can work together. Globalization certainly requires authority, insofar as it poses the problem of a global common good that needs to be pursued. This authority, however, must be organized in a subsidiary and stratified way[138], if it is not to infringe upon freedom and if it is to yield effective results in practice.
  58. "The principle of subsidiarity must remain closely linked to the principle of solidarity and vice versa, since the former without the latter gives way to social privatism, while the latter without the former gives way to paternalist social assistance that is demeaning to those in need. This general rule must also be taken broadly into consideration when addressing issues concerning international development aid....Economic aid, in order to be true to its purpose, must not pursue secondary objectives....in the economic sphere, the principal form of assistance needed by developing countries is that of allowing and encouraging the gradual penetration of their products into international markets, thus making it possible for these countries to participate fully in international economic life....
  59. "Cooperation for development must not be concerned exclusively with the economic dimension: it offers a wonderful opportunity for encounter between cultures and peoples.....Evolving societies must remain faithful to all that is truly human in their traditions, avoiding the temptation to overlay them automatically with the mechanisms of a globalized technological civilization....universal moral law provides a sound basis for all cultural, religious and political dialogue, and it ensures that the multi-faceted pluralism of cultural diversity does not detach itself from the common quest for truth, goodness and God. Thus adherence to the law etched on human hearts is the precondition for all constructive social cooperation....
  60. "In the search for solutions to the current economic crisis, development aid for poor countries must be considered a valid means of creating wealth for all....One possible approach to development aid would be to apply effectively what is known as fiscal subsidiarity, allowing citizens to decide how to allocate a portion of the taxes they pay to the State. Provided it does not degenerate into the promotion of special interests, this can help to stimulate forms of welfare solidarity from below, with obvious benefits in the area of solidarity for development as well.
  61. "Greater solidarity at the international level is seen especially in the ongoing promotion — even in the midst of economic crisis — of greater access to education, which is at the same time an essential precondition for effective international cooperation. The term 'education' refers not only to classroom teaching and vocational training — both of which are important factors in development — but to the complete formation of the person. In this regard, there is a problem that should be highlighted: in order to educate, it is necessary to know the nature of the human person, to know who he or she is. The increasing prominence of a relativistic understanding of that nature presents serious problems for education, especially moral education, jeopardizing its universal extension. Yielding to this kind of relativism makes everyone poorer and has a negative impact on the effectiveness of aid to the most needy populations....An illustration of the significance of this problem is offered by the phenomenon of international tourism[141], which can be a major factor in economic development and cultural growth, but can also become an occasion for exploitation and moral degradation....We need...to develop a different type of tourism that has the ability to promote genuine mutual understanding, without taking away from the element of rest and healthy recreation....
  62. "Another aspect of integral human development that is worthy of attention is the phenomenon of migration....we are facing a social phenomenon of epoch-making proportions that requires bold, forward-looking policies of international cooperation if it is to be handled effectively. Such policies should set out from close collaboration between the migrants' countries of origin and their countries of destination; it should be accompanied by adequate international norms able to coordinate different legislative systems with a view to safeguarding the needs and rights of individual migrants and their families, and at the same time, those of the host countries. No country can be expected to address today's problems of migration by itself. We are all witnesses of the burden of suffering, the dislocation and the aspirations that accompany the flow of migrants. The phenomenon, as everyone knows, is difficult to manage; but there is no doubt that foreign workers, despite any difficulties concerning integration, make a significant contribution to the economic development of the host country through their labour, besides that which they make to their country of origin through the money they send home....
  63. "No consideration of the problems associated with development could fail to highlight the direct link between poverty and unemployment....What is meant by the word 'decency' in regard to work? It means work that expresses the essential dignity of every man and woman in the context of their particular society....
  64. "While reflecting on the theme of work, it is appropriate to recall how important it is that labour unions — which have always been encouraged and supported by the Church — should be open to the new perspectives that are emerging in the world of work....union organizations are called to address some of the new questions arising in our society: I am thinking, for example, of the complex of issues that social scientists describe in terms of a conflict between worker and consumer. Without necessarily endorsing the thesis that the central focus on the worker has given way to a central focus on the consumer, this would still appear to constitute new ground for unions to explore creatively. The global context in which work takes place also demands that national labour unions, which tend to limit themselves to defending the interests of their registered members, should turn their attention to those outside their membership, and in particular to workers in developing countries where social rights are often violated....The Church's traditional teaching makes a valid distinction between the respective roles and functions of trade unions and politics. This distinction allows unions to identify civil society as the proper setting for their necessary activity of defending and promoting labour, especially on behalf of exploited and unrepresented workers, whose woeful condition is often ignored by the distracted eye of society.
  65. "Finance...now needs to go back to being an instrument directed towards improved wealth creation and development....Above all, the intention to do good must not be considered incompatible with the effective capacity to produce goods....Right intention, transparency, and the search for positive results are mutually compatible and must never be detached from one another....the experience of micro-finance, which has its roots in the thinking and activity of the civil humanists — I am thinking especially of the birth of pawnbroking [??????]— should be strengthened and fine-tuned. This is all the more necessary in these days when financial difficulties can become severe for many of the more vulnerable sectors of the population, who should be protected from the risk of usury and from despair. The weakest members of society should be helped to defend themselves against usury, just as poor peoples should be helped to derive real benefit from micro-credit, in order to discourage the exploitation that is possible in these two areas. Since rich countries are also experiencing new forms of poverty, micro-finance can give practical assistance by launching new initiatives and opening up new sectors for the benefit of the weaker elements in society, even at a time of general economic downturn.
  66. "Global interconnectedness has led to the emergence of a new political power, that of consumers and their associations. This is a phenomenon that needs to be further explored, as it contains positive elements to be encouraged as well as excesses to be avoided....
  67. "there is a strongly felt need, even in the midst of a global recession, for a reform of the United Nations Organization, and likewise of economic institutions and international finance, so that the concept of the family of nations can acquire real teeth. One also senses the urgent need to find innovative ways of implementing the principle of the responsibility to protect[146] and of giving poorer nations an effective voice in shared decision-making....there is urgent need of a true world political authority....Such an authority would need to be regulated by law, to observe consistently the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, to seek to establish the common good[147], and to make a commitment to securing authentic integral human development inspired by the values of charity in truth. Furthermore, such an authority would need to be universally recognized and to be vested with the effective power to ensure security for all, regard for justice, and respect for rights[148]. Obviously it would have to have the authority to ensure compliance with its decisions from all parties, and also with the coordinated measures adopted in various international forums....The integral development of peoples and international cooperation require the establishment of a greater degree of international ordering, marked by subsidiarity, for the management of globalization[149]. They also require the construction of a social order that at last conforms to the moral order, to the interconnection between moral and social spheres, and to the link between politics and the economic and civil spheres, as envisaged by the Charter of the United Nations....
  68. "development of peoples is intimately linked to the development of individuals....man needs to look inside himself in order to recognize the fundamental norms of the natural moral law which God has written on our hearts.
  69. "The challenge of development today is closely linked to technological progress, with its astounding applications in the field of biology....
  70. "Technological development can give rise to the idea that technology is self-sufficient when too much attention is given to the 'how' questions, and not enough to the many 'why' questions underlying human activity....when the sole criterion of truth is efficiency and utility, development is automatically denied. True development does not consist primarily in 'doing'. The key to development is a mind capable of thinking in technological terms and grasping the fully human meaning of human activities, within the context of the holistic meaning of the individual's being....human freedom is authentic only when it responds to the fascination of technology with decisions that are the fruit of moral responsibility. Hence the pressing need for formation in an ethically responsible use of technology....
  71. "This deviation from solid humanistic principles that a technical mindset can produce is seen today in certain technological applications in the fields of development and peace. Often the development of peoples is considered a matter of financial engineering, the freeing up of markets, the removal of tariffs, investment in production, and institutional reforms — in other words, a purely technical matter. All these factors are of great importance, but we have to ask why technical choices made thus far have yielded rather mixed results....Development is impossible without upright men and women, without financiers and politicians whose consciences are finely attuned to the requirements of the common good....
  72. "Even peace can run the risk of being considered a technical product, merely the outcome of agreements between governments or of initiatives aimed at ensuring effective economic aid....
  73. "Linked to technological development is the increasingly pervasive presence of the means of social communications....they need to focus on promoting the dignity of persons and peoples, they need to be clearly inspired by charity and placed at the service of truth, of the good, and of natural and supernatural fraternity. In fact, human freedom is intrinsically linked with these higher values. The media can make an important contribution towards the growth in communion of the human family and the ethos of society when they are used to promote universal participation in the common search for what is just.
  74. "A particularly crucial battleground in today's cultural struggle between the supremacy of technology and human moral responsibility is the field of bioethics, where the very possibility of integral human development is radically called into question. In this most delicate and critical area, the fundamental question asserts itself force-fully: is man the product of his own labours or does he depend on God? Scientific discoveries in this field and the possibilities of technological intervention seem so advanced as to force a choice between two types of reasoning: reason open to transcendence or reason closed within immanence. We are presented with a clear either/ or. Yet the rationality of a self-centred use of technology proves to be irrational because it implies a decisive rejection of meaning and value. It is no coincidence that closing the door to transcendence brings one up short against a difficulty: how could being emerge from nothing, how could intelligence be born from chance?[153] Faced with these dramatic questions, reason and faith can come to each other's assistance. Only together will they save man. Entranced by an exclusive reliance on technology, reason without faith is doomed to flounder in an illusion of its own omnipotence. Faith without reason risks being cut off from everyday life[154]....
  75. "In vitro fertilization, embryo research, the possibility of manufacturing clones and human hybrids: all this is now emerging and being promoted in today's highly disillusioned culture, which believes it has mastered every mystery, because the origin of life is now within our grasp. Here we see the clearest expression of technology's supremacy. In this type of culture, the conscience is simply invited to take note of technological possibilities. Yet we must not underestimate the disturbing scenarios that threaten our future, or the powerful new instruments that the 'culture of death' has at its disposal. To the tragic and widespread scourge of abortion we may well have to add in the future — indeed it is already surreptiously present — the systematic eugenic programming of births. At the other end of the spectrum, a pro-euthanasia mindset is making inroads as an equally damaging assertion of control over life that under certain circumstances is deemed no longer worth living. Underlying these scenarios are cultural viewpoints that deny human dignity. These practices in turn foster a materialistic and mechanistic understanding of human life. Who could measure the negative effects of this kind of mentality for development? How can we be surprised by the indifference shown towards situations of human degradation, when such indifference extends even to our attitude towards what is and is not human? What is astonishing is the arbitrary and selective determination of what to put forward today as worthy of respect. Insignificant matters are considered shocking, yet unprecedented injustices seem to be widely tolerated. While the poor of the world continue knocking on the doors of the rich, the world of affluence runs the risk of no longer hearing those knocks, on account of a conscience that can no longer distinguish what is human. God reveals man to himself; reason and faith work hand in hand to demonstrate to us what is good, provided we want to see it; the natural law, in which creative Reason shines forth, reveals our greatness, but also our wretchedness insofar as we fail to recognize the call to moral truth.
  76. "One aspect of the contemporary technological mindset is the tendency to consider the problems and emotions of the interior life from a purely psychological point of view, even to the point of neurological reductionism....we often reduce the self to the psyche and confuse the soul's health with emotional well-being. These over-simplifications stem from a profound failure to understand the spiritual life, and they obscure the fact that the development of individuals and peoples depends partly on the resolution of problems of a spiritual nature....The new forms of slavery to drugs and the lack of hope into which so many people fall can be explained not only in sociological and psychological terms but also in essentially spiritual terms....There cannot be holistic development and universal common good unless people's spiritual and moral welfare is taken into account, considered in their totality as body and soul [emphasis added].
  77. "The supremacy of technology tends to prevent people from recognizing anything that cannot be explained in terms of matter alone. Yet everyone experiences the many immaterial and spiritual dimensions of life....
  78. "Without God man neither knows which way to go, nor even understands who he is....As we contemplate the vast amount of work to be done, we are sustained by our faith that God is present alongside those who come together in his name to work for justice....The greatest service to development, then, is a Christian humanism[157] that enkindles charity and takes its lead from truth, accepting both as a lasting gift from God....ideological rejection of God and an atheism of indifference, oblivious to the Creator and at risk of becoming equally oblivious to human values, constitute some of the chief obstacles to development today....God gives us the strength to fight and to suffer for love of the common good, because he is our All, our greatest hope.
  79. "Development needs Christians with their arms raised towards God in prayer, Christians moved by the knowledge that truth-filled love, caritas in veritate, from which authentic development proceeds, is not produced by us, but given to us. For this reason, even in the most difficult and complex times, besides recognizing what is happening, we must above all else turn to God's love. Development requires attention to the spiritual life, a serious consideration of the experiences of trust in God, spiritual fellowship in Christ, reliance upon God's providence and mercy, love and forgiveness, self-denial, acceptance of others, justice and peace....In union with the only-begotten Son, may all people learn to pray to the Father and to ask him, in the words that Jesus himself taught us, for the grace to glorify him by living according to his will, to receive the daily bread that we need, to be understanding and generous towards our debtors, not to be tempted beyond our limits, and to be delivered from evil (cf. Mt 6:9-13)."



The 10 Commandments

The Beatitudes (from "Jesus of Nazareth")

Christifideles Laici

Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church

Our representation in D.C....

Click the below image, to check on the status of federal legislation:
Click the below images, to ascertain what pro-life and pro-marriage/family legislation is being sponsored or co-sponsored (as well as what legislation is NOT being sponsored or co-sponsored):
https://www.congress.gov/member/brian-fitzpatrick/F000466?q={%22search%22:[%22brian+fitzpatrick%22]}&r=1

To check U.S. House votes:

To check U.S. Senate votes:

Contacts:

Bucks County in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives

Bucks County in the Pennsylvania Senate

Contacting Our Governor

717 787 2500 or governor@pa.gov.

Contacting Our Bishops