- The Catholic Church proclaims God's truth which sets us free and
leads to our genuine happiness; that truth absolutely includes God's
plan for marriage/family/sexuality. That truth leads to our genuine
Sexual relations are a tremendous gift from God for uniting a couple and continuing God's work of creation. They are a treasure reserved for husbands and wives in exclusive, lifelong, indissoluble marriage. Jesus has raised marriage to a sacrament! (cf, re: Catechism of the Catholic Church, Part II, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7; re: Catechism, Part 3, Section 2, The 10 Commandments, Chapter 2, Article 6)
- In the decades after Blessed Pope Paul VI's Humanae Vitae, a misguided
pastoral approach has been frequently at play, downplaying the
encyclical reiterated the Church's constant teaching on the absolute
prohibition of contraception.
Humanae Vitae has shown itself to have been prophetic, as well as binding. And we now know that much of what gets sold as "contraceptive" can work in an abortifacient manner. This is certainly true of hormonal contraceptives, most especially of so-called "emergency contraception."
- While there would be quick agreement on the absurdity of even
considering parish ads for Planned Parenthood, we are seeing ads for
pharmaceutical providers of abortifacients/contraceptives! They should absolutely NOT
appearing in parish bulletins or other publications! Do we see such
because of legalistic notions about "cooperation"?
In thinking about "material cooperation," some MISTAKENLY appear to act as though that meant "cooperation that does not matter." In a June 9, 2005 letter, the president of the Pontifical Academy for Life reviewed "The principle of licit cooperation in evil":
"The first fundamental distinction to be made is that between formal and material cooperation. Formal cooperation is carried out when the moral agent cooperates with the immoral action of another person, sharing in the latter's evil intention. On the other hand, when a moral agent cooperates with the immoral action of another person, without sharing his/her evil intention, it is a case of material cooperation.
Material cooperation can be further divided into categories of immediate (direct) and mediate (indirect), depending on whether the cooperation is in the execution of the sinful action per se, or whether the agent acts by fulfilling the conditions - either by providing instruments or products - which make it possible to commit the immoral act. Furthermore, forms of proximate cooperation and remote cooperation can be distinguished, in relation to the "distance" (be it in terms of temporal space or material connection) between the act of cooperation and the sinful act committed by someone else. Immediate material cooperation is always proximate, while mediate material cooperation can be either proximate or remote.
Formal cooperation is always morally illicit because it represents a form of direct and intentional participation in the sinful action of another person.10 Material cooperation can sometimes be illicit (depending on the conditions of the "double effect" or "indirect voluntary" action), but when immediate material cooperation concerns grave attacks on human life, it is always to be considered illicit, given the precious nature of the value in question11.Even if it were to be considered remote mediate cooperation, what sort of overriding reason could possibly justify parish ads for providers of abortifacients/contraceptives? For the spiritual good of the clergy and the laity - perhaps most especially the pharmacists themselves - say "NO" to Ads for providers of abortifacients/contraceptives.
A further distinction made in classical morality is that between active (or positive) cooperation in evil and passive (or negative) cooperation in evil, the former referring to the performance of an act of cooperation in a sinful action that is carried out by another person, while the latter refers to the omission of an act of denunciation or impediment of a sinful action carried out by another person, insomuch as there was a moral duty to do that which was omitted12.
Passive cooperation can also be formal or material, immediate or mediate, proximate or remote. Obviously, every type of formal passive cooperation is to be considered illicit, but even passive material cooperation should generally be avoided, although it is admitted (by many authors) that there is not a rigorous obligation to avoid it in a case in which it would be greatly difficult to do so."